National Register of Historic Places * Bureau of Historic Preservation
Researching a Historic Property
The National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect our historic and archeological resources. This program was expanded and authorized under the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. The National Register is administered by the National Park Service, which is part of the U.S. Department of the Interior.
Nationwide, there are nearly 73,000 listings on the National Register, and the list includes districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects that are significant in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture.
According to the Florida Department of State, there are 44 sites, buildings and districts listed on the National Register in Alachua County. For a listing of the sites in Alachua County, click here.
1. Recognition that a property is of significance to the Nation, the State, or the community.
2. Consideration in planning for Federal or federally assisted projects which could negatively affect a properties historic value.
3. Eligibility for Federal tax benefits: Owners of properties listed in the National Register may be eligible for a 20% investment tax credit for the certified rehabilitation of income-producing certified historic structures such as commercial, industrial, or rental residential buildings.
4. Qualification for Federal assistance for historic preservation, when funds are available.
Listing in the National Register does not, in itself, impose any obligation on the property owner, or restrict the owner's basic right to use and dispose of the property as he or she sees fit.
How to Apply the National Register Criteria for Evaluation
Generally, properties eligible for listing in the National Register are at least 50 years old. Properties less than 50 years of age must be exceptionally important to be considered eligible for listing.
The quality of significance in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture is present in districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects that possess integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association, and:
A. That are associated with events that have made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of our history; or
B. That are associated with the lives of persons significant in our past; or
C. That embody the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method of construction, or that represent the work of a master, or that possess high artistic values, or that represent a significant and distinguishable entity whose components may lack individual distinction; or
D. That have yielded or may be likely to yield, information important in prehistory or history.
Ordinarily cemeteries, birthplaces, graves of historical figures, properties owned by religious institutions or used for religious purposes, structures that have been moved from their original locations, reconstructed historic buildings, properties primarily commemorative in nature, and properties that have achieved significance within the past 50 years shall not be considered eligible for the National Register. However, there are some exceptions.
The process varies from State to State depending on State workload, planning, and registration priorities, and the schedule of the review board. The process takes a minimum of 90 days to fulfill all of the review and notification requirements provided that a complete and fully documented nomination form has been completed for the property.
Upon submission to the National Park Service, a decision on whether to list the property is made within 45 days.